Kidney disease, also known as renal disease, is a general term for any damage or disease that affects the kidneys. This can include conditions such as acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, and kidney infections. Symptoms of kidney disease can include fatigue, swelling in the legs and ankles, and changes in urine output. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or in severe cases, dialysis or a kidney transplant.
There are many different types of kidney disease, some of the most common include:
- Acute kidney injury (AKI) – a sudden and usually reversible loss of kidney function
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) – a gradual loss of kidney function over time
- Nephrotic syndrome – a condition characterized by the loss of large amounts of protein in the urine
- Nephritis – inflammation of the kidneys
- Glomerulonephritis – a type of nephritis that affects the tiny filters in the kidneys (glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease – a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of multiple cysts on the kidneys
- Kidney stones – hard mineral deposit that can form in the kidneys
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) – an infection of the kidneys
- Hypertensive nephropathy – kidney damage caused by high blood pressure
- Diabetic nephropathy – kidney damage caused by diabetes.
It’s worth noting that, some of the above-listed kidney diseases can be caused by other underlying disease or condition. It is important to see a doctor if you have any symptoms that may indicate a kidney problem or if you have a known risk factor for kidney disease.